Exploring the key performance areas and assessment criteria for the evaluation of students' clinical performance: a Delphi study
Frantz, Jose M.
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BACKGROUND: Evaluating students’ clinical performance is an integral part of the quality assurance in a physiotherapy curriculum, however, the objectivity during clinical examination have been questioned on numerous occasions. The aim of this study was to explore the essential key clinical performance areas and the associated assessment criteria in order to develop a reliable clinical assessment form. METHODS: A Delphi study was used to obtain consensus on the development of a reliable clinical performance assessment tool. The study population consisted of purposively selected academic physiotherapy staff from the University of Western Cape as well as supervisors and clinicians involved in the examination of physiotherapy students from the three Universities in the Western Cape. Findings from the Delphi rounds were analysed descriptively. Fifty percent or higher agreement on an element was interpreted as an acceptable level of consensus. RESULTS: Eight key performance areas were identified with five assessment criteria per key performance area as well as the weighting per area. It was evident that evaluators differed on the expectations of physiotherapy students as well as the criteria used to assess them.CONCLUSIONS: The Delphi panel contributed to the formulation of a clinical assessment form through the identification of relevant key performance areas and assessment criteria as they relate to undergraduate physiotherapy training. Consensus on both aspects was reached following discussion and calculation of mean ranking sores. IMPLICATIONS: This process of reaching consensus in determining clear criteria for measuring key performance areas contributes to the objectivity of the process of cilia examinations.