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Enforced informalisation: the case of liquor retailers in South Africa
(Taylor & Francis, 2013)
After a decade of unsuccessful efforts to migrate informal businesses to South Africa’s formal economy there remains little understanding of the dynamics in this sector, especially as regards micro-enterprises. International ...
From local survivalism to foreign entrepreneurship: the transformation of the spaza sector in Delft, Cape Town
(University of KwaZulu-Natal, 2012)
Small, home-based grocery stores, known as spaza shops, are ubiquitous throughout the township areas of urban South Africa, constituting an important business in the informal economy. In recent years, this retail market ...