Predicting the neutral hydrogen content of galaxies from optical data using machine learning
MetadataShow full item record
We develop a machine learning-based framework to predict the Hi content of galaxies using more straightforwardly observable quantities such as optical photometry and environmental parameters. We train the algorithm on z = 0 - 2 outputs from the Mufasa cosmological hydrodynamic simulation, which includes star formation, feedback, and a heuristic model to quench massive galaxies that yields a reasonable match to a range of survey data including Hi. We employ a variety of machine learning methods (regressors), and quantify their performance using the root mean square error (rmse) and the Pearson correlation coefficient (r). Considering SDSS photometry, 3rd nearest neighbor environment and line of sight peculiar velocities as features, we obtain r > 0:8 accuracy of the Hi-richness prediction, corresponding to rmse< 0:3. Adding near-IR photometry to the features yields some improvement to the prediction. Compared to all the regressors, random forest shows the best performance, with r > 0:9 at z = 0, followed by a Deep Neural Network with r > 0:85. All regressors exhibit a declining performance with increasing redshift, which limits the utility of this approach to z ~<1, and they tend to somewhat over-predict the Hi content of low-Hi galaxies which might be due to Eddington bias in the training sample.We test our approach on the RESOLVE survey data. Training on a subset of RESOLVE, we find that our machine learning method can reasonably well predict the Hi-richness of the remaining RESOLVE data, with rmse~ 0:28. Whenwe train on mock data fromMufasa and test onRESOLVE, this increases to rmse~ 0:45. Our method will be useful for making galaxy-by-galaxy survey predictions and incompleteness corrections for upcoming Hi 21cm surveys such as the LADUMA and MIGHTEE surveys on MeerKAT, over regions where photometry is already available.