Land redistribution and poverty reduction in South Africa: The livelihood impacts of smallholder agriculture under land reform
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Since its inception in 1994, South Africa’s land reform programme has aimed to achieve multiple objectives, including redressing the historical racial imbalance in landholding, alleviating poverty and developing the rural economy. A range of policies has been developed to deal with restitution of historical land rights, redistribution of agricultural land and protection of the rights of people living in communal areas and on commercial farms. Delivery, however, has been painfully slow, with all key policy areas falling far behind their stated targets (DLA 1997; Hall 2004).