Mainstreaming of HIV and Aids into South African fisheries policy
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HIV/Aids is one of the most serious health, economic and social issues facing southern Africa today (UNAIDS; Heywood 2004). Although only 10% of the world’s population lives in Sub-Saharan Africa, 64% of the 39.5 million people estimated to have been living with the HI virus in 2006 were from Sub-Saharan Africa. Estimates show that women are disproportionally affected, with 77% of all women living with the virus worldwide being from Sub-Saharan Africa. The severity of the epidemic in southern Africa is closely linked to poverty, the low status of women and other Figure 2: HIV prevalence by age group, South Africa 2005i Figure 3: HIV prevalence in population (aged two years and older) by race, South Africa 2005 ii social-economic factors (Department of Health 2007).