Evaluating energy consumption on low-end smartphones
Tucker, William David
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The relationship between battery consumption in smartphones and the usage statistics of a phone is direct. Modern smartphones, even low-end, are equipped with multiple wireless technologies, e.g. GSM, 3G, WiFi and Bluetooth. Each of these technologies has a different energy consumption profile. A wireless mesh project in the Mankosi community in rural South Africa is about to introduce low-end smartphones onto the network. The mesh network is powered with solar-charged batteries because the community at present does not have electricity. Local residents also use these batteries to recharge cell phones at a nominal cost. Introduction of smartphones will increase the recharge frequency as phone usage will increase; thus draining a phone battery more quickly, as well as escalate recharge costs. Thus, the smartphones must be chosen and used effectively in order for batteries to last longer. Related work identifies WiFi wireless technology as the most battery efficient way of transfer when compared to GSM, 3G and Bluetooth. This research proposes experiments to further investigate energy efficiency of WiFi in low-end smartphones that we intend to use for local and breakout voice over Internet protocol (VoIP) calls and data services, on a rural wireless mesh network.