Now showing items 137-156 of 246

  • Missed opportunities for participation in prevention of mother to child transmission programmes: Simplicity of nevirapine does not necessarily lead to optimal uptake, a qualitative study 

    Nkonki, Lungiswa L.; Doherty, Tanya; Hill, Zelee; Chopra, Mickey; Schaay, Nikki; Kendall, Carl (BioMed Central, 2007)
    Background: The objective of this study was to examine missed opportunities for participation in a prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programme in three sites in South Africa. A rapid anthropological ...
  • A mobile school-based HCT service – is it youth friendly? 

    Lawrence, Estelle; Struthers, Patricia; Van Hove, Geert (Taylor & Francis Open, 2016)
    BACKGROUND: Despite an increase in HIV Counselling and Testing (HCT), few young people have been tested. It has been suggested that they do not test because formal health services (where HCT is provided) are often not ...
  • A modified Delphi study towards developing a guideline to inform policy on fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in South Africa: a study protocol 

    Adebiyi, Babatope O.; Mukumbang, Ferdinand C.; Okop, Kufre Joseph; Beytell, Anna-Marie (BMJ Publishing Group, 2018)
    INTRODUCTION Maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy can result in mental and physical birth defects in individuals. These birth defects are usually described as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). With ...
  • Monitoring and benchmarking government policies and actions to improve the healthiness of food environment Policy Index 

    Swinburn, B.; Vandevijvere, S.; Sanders, David; Kraak, V.; Sacks, G.; Snowdon, W.; Hawkes, Corinna; Barquera, S.; Friel, S.; Kelly, B.; Kumanyika, S.; L’Abbé, M.; Lee, A.; Lobstein, T.; Ma, J.; Macmullan, J.; Mohan, S.; Monteiro, Carlos; Neal, B.; Rayner, M.; Walker, C. (John Wiley & Sons, 2013)
    Government action is essential to increase the healthiness of food environments and reduce obesity, diet-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs), and their related inequalities. This paper proposes a monitoring framework ...
  • Monitoring and evaluation of sport-based HIV/AIDS awareness programmes: strengthening outcome indicators 

    Maleka, Elma Nelisiwe (Taylor & Francis, 2016)
    There are number of Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) in South Africa that use sport as a tool to respond to Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS), however, little is reported about ...
  • Monitoring food and non-alcoholic beverage promotions to children 

    Kelly, B.; King, L.; Sanders, David; Baur, L.; Rayner, M.; Lobstein, T.; Monteiro, Carlos; Macmullan, J.; Mohan, S.; Barquera, S.; Friel, S.; Hawkes, Corinna; Kumanyika, S.; L’Abbé, M.; Lee, A.; Ma, J.; Neal, B.; Sacks, G.; Snowdon, W.; Swinburn, B.; Vandevijvere, S.; Walker, C. (Wiley, 2013)
    Food and non-alcoholic beverage marketing is recognized as an important factor influencing food choices related to non-communicable diseases. The monitoring of populations’ exposure to food and nonalcoholic beverage ...
  • Monitoring foods and beverages provided and sold in public sector settings 

    L’Abbé, M.; Schermel, A.; Sanders, David; Minaker, L.; Kelly, B.; Lee, A.; Vandevijvere, S.; Twohig, P.; Barquera, S.; Friel, S.; Hawkes, Corinna; Kumanyika, S.; Lobstein, T.; Ma, J.; Macmullan, J.; Mohan, S.; Monteiro, Carlos; Neal, B.; Rayner, M.; Sacks, G.; Snowdon, W.; Swinburn, B.; Walker, C. (John Wiley & Sons, 2013)
    This paper outlines a step-wise framework for monitoring foods and beverages provided or sold in publicly funded institutions. The focus is on foods in schools, but the framework can also be applied to foods provided ...
  • Monitoring policy and actions on food environments: rationale and outline of the INFORMAS policy engagement and communication stategies 

    Brinsden, H.; Lobstein, T.; Sanders, David; Landon, J.; Kraak, V.; Sacks, G.; Kumanyika, S.; Swinburn, B.; Barquera, S.; Friel, S.; Hawkes, Corinna; Kelly, B.; L’Abbé, M.; Lee, A.; Ma, J.; Macmullan, J.; Mohan, S.; Monteiro, Carlos; Neal, B.; Rayner, M.; Snowdon, W.; Vandevijvere, S.; Walker, C. (John Wiley & Sons, 2013)
    The International Network for Food and Obesity/non-communicable diseases Research, Monitoring and Action Support (INFORMAS) proposes to collect performance indicators on food policies, actions and environments related ...
  • Monitoring the health-related labelling of foods and non-alcoholic beverages in retail settings 

    Rayner, M.; Wood, A.; Sanders, David (Wiley, 2013)
    Food labelling on food packaging has the potential to have both positive and negative effects on diets. Monitoring different aspects of food labelling would help to identify priority policy options to help people make ...
  • Monitoring the impacts of trade agreements on food environments 

    Friel, S.; Hattersley, L.; Sanders, David; Snowdon, W.; Thow, A. M.; Lobstein, T.; Barquera, S.; Mohan, S.; Hawkes, Corinna; Kelly, B.; Kumanyika, S.; L’Abbe, M.; Lee, A.; Ma, J.; Macmullan, J.; Monteiro, Carlos; Neal, B.; Rayner, M.; Sacks, G.; Swinburn, B.; Vandevijvere, S.; C. Walker, C. (John Wiley & Sons, 2013)
    The liberalization of international trade and foreign direct investment through multilateral, regional and bilateral agreements has had profound implications for the structure and nature of food systems, and therefore, ...
  • Monitoring the levels of important nutrients in the food supply 

    Neal, B.; Sacks, G.; Sanders, David; Swinburn, B.; Vandevijvere, S.; Dunford, E.; Snowdon, W.; Webster, J.; Barquera, S.; Friel, S.; Hawkes, Corinna; Kelly, B.; Kumanyika, S.; L’Abbé, M.; Lee, A.; Lobstein, T.; Ma, J.; Macmullan, J.; Mohan, S.; Monteiro, Carlos; Rayner, M.; Walker, C. (John Wiley & Sons, 2013)
    A food supply that delivers energy-dense products with high levels of salt, saturated fats and trans fats, in large portion sizes, is a major cause of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The highly processed foods produced ...
  • Monitoring the price and affordability of foods and diets globally 

    Lee, A.; Mhurchu, C.; Sanders, David; Sacks, G.; Swinburn, B.; Snowdon, W.; Vandevijvere, S.; Hawkes, Corinna; L’Abbé, M.; Rayner, M.; Barquera, S.; Friel, S.; Kelly, B.; Kumanyika, S.; Lobstein, T.; Ma, J.; Macmullan, J.; Mohan, S.; Monteiro, Carlos; Neal, B.; Walker, C. (John Wiley & Sons, 2013)
    Food prices and food affordability are important determinants of food choices, obesity and non-communicable diseases. As governments around the world consider policies to promote the consumption of healthier foods, data ...
  • Negotiating power relations, gender equality, and collective agency: are village health committees transformative social spaces in northern India? 

    Scott, Kerry; George, Asha S.; Harvey, Steven A.; Mondal, Shinjini; Patel, Gupteswar; Sheikh, Kabir (BioMed Central, 2017)
    BACKGROUND: Participatory health initiatives ideally support progressive social change and stronger collective agency for marginalized groups. However, this empowering potential is often limited by inequalities within ...
  • No association between cumulative traumatic experiences and sex in risk for posttraumatic stress disorder among human immunodeficiency virus-positive adults 

    Morris, Tanya; Naidoo, Pamela; Cloete, Karen J.; Harvey, Justin; Seedat, Soraya (Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2013)
    This study examined the association between the type and number of traumatic experiences and the conditional risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), stratified by sex, in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We ...
  • No one knows what will happen after these five years': narratives of ART, access and agency in Nigeria 

    Omenka, Charity; Zarowski, Christina (Sage Publications, 2013)
    Rural Nigerians pursue a range of strategies to maximize current and future access to HIV treatment in the context of securing livelihoods and minimizing the social and economic risks of stigma. This study reports on ...
  • "Nothing new": responses to the introduction of antiretroviral drugs in South Africa 

    Chopra, Mickey; Kendall, Carl; Hill, Zelee; Schaay, Nikki; Nkonki, Lungiswa L.; Doherty, Tanya (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006)
    Interviews conducted in South Africa found that awareness of antiretroviral therapy was generally poor. Antiretroviral drugs were not perceived as new, but one of many alternative therapies for HIV/AIDS. Respondents ...
  • Obesity among black South African women 

    Puoane, Thandi; Hughes, Gail; Bradley, Hazel A. (Kamla-Raj Enterprises, 2005)
    Obesity and associated non-communicable diseases such as Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and ischaemic heart disease were previously thought to be diseases of affluent countries, but they are becoming increasingly prevalent ...
  • Obesity in South Africa: Challenges for government and health professionals 

    Kruger, Salome H; Puoane, Thandi; Senekal, Marjanne; Van Der Merwe, Theresa M (Nutrition Society, 2005)
    OBJECTIVES: To review data on the prevalence, causes and health consequences of obesity in South Africa and propose interventions to prevent and treat obesity and related outcomes. METHODS: Data from existing literature ...
  • Obesity in South Africa: The South African Demographic and Health Survey 

    Puoane, Thandi; Steyn, Krisela; Bradshaw, Debbie; Laubscher, Ria; Fourie, Jean; Lambert, Vicki; Mbanangwa, Nolwazi (Nature Publishing Group, 2002)
    To ascertain the anthropometric profile and determinants of obesity in South Africans who participated in the Demographic and Health Survey in 1998. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A sample of 13,089 men and women (age, ...
  • Obligation to family during times of transition: care, support and the response to HIV and AIDS in rural South Africa 

    Knight, Lucia; Hosegood, Victoria; Timaeus, Ian M. (Taylor & Francis, 2016)
    In rural South Africa, high HIV prevalence has the potential to affect the care and support that kin are able to provide to those living with HIV. Despite this, families seem to be largely resilient and a key source of ...