Fuel cell-battery hybrid powered light electric vehicle (golf cart): Influence of fuel cell on the driving performance
Davids, Moegamat Wafeeq
Pollet, Bruno G.
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A light electric vehicle (golf cart, 5 kW nominal motor power) was integrated with a commercial 1.2 kW PEM fuel cell system, and fuelled by compressed hydrogen (two composite cylinders, 6.8 L/300 bar each). Comparative driving tests in the battery and hybrid (battery þ fuel cell) powering modes were performed. The introduction of the fuel cell was shown to result in extending the driving range by 63-110%, when the amount of the stored H2 fuel varied within 55-100% of the maximum capacity. The operation in the hybrid mode resulted in more stable driving performances, as well as in the increase of the total energy both withdrawn by the vehicle and returned to the vehicle battery during the driving. Statistical analysis of the power patterns taken during the driving in the battery and hybrid-powering modes showed that the latter provided stable operation in a wider power range, including higher frequency and higher average values of the peak power.