Nanomedicines for infectious diseases
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Infectious diseases continue to pose a significant threat to global health. Over 200 infectious diseases are currently known to man. Fortunately, only a handful are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality. HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB) and malaria top the list of deadly infectious diseases, and worldwide, these three diseases combined, are responsible for over 3 million deaths every year (1). Outbreaks of infectious diseases are also not uncommon and examples in recent history include the Ebola virus, Zika virus and Avian flu outbreaks which originated in West Africa, South America and Asia, respectively, before spreading to other parts of the world (2–4). This further emphasizes the global concern over infectious diseases.