Counting on birth registration: Mixed-methods research in two EN-BIRTH study hospitals in Tanzania
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Birth registration marks a child’s right to identity and is the first step to establishing citizenship and access to services. At the population level, birth registration data can inform effective programming and planning. In Tanzania, almost two-thirds of births are in health facilities, yet only 26% of children under 5 years have their births registered. Our mixed-methods research explores the gap between hospital birth and birth registration in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Methods: The study was conducted in the two Tanzanian hospital sites of the Every Newborn-Birth Indicators Research Tracking in Hospitals (EN-BIRTH) multi-country study (July 2017–2018). We described the business processes for birth notification and registration and collected quantitative data from women’s exit surveys after giving birth (n = 8038). We conducted in-depth interviews (n = 21) to identify barriers and enablers to birth registration among four groups of participants: women who recently gave birth, women waiting for a birth certificate at Temeke Hospital, hospital employees, and stakeholders involved in the national birth registration process.