Stay at home: The impact of the Covid 19 lockdown on household functioning and art adherence for people living with HIV in three sub districts of Cape Town, South Africa
Campbell, Linda S.
MetadataShow full item record
In March 2020, the South African government imposed a lockdown to control COVID-19 transmission. Lockdown may afect people living with HIV’s (PLWH) antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence. Data from a cluster randomised control trial was collected from 152 PLWH in Cape Town sub-districts from October 2019–March 2020 when the lockdown halted collection. Subsequently, 83 PLWH were followed-up in June–July 2020. Random efects models were used to analyse: (1) changes between baseline and follow-up and (2) correlates of adherence during lockdown. At follow-up, there was an increase in the odds of being below the poverty line and the odds of experiencing violence decreased. Measures for well-being, household functioning, stigma and HIV competency improved. Violence, depression, food insecurity, and stigma were associated with poorer ART adherence; higher well-being scores were associated with better adherence. During lockdown, governments need to ensure fnancial support, access to (mental) health services, and services for those experiencing violence. Clinical Trial Number: Pan African Clinical Trial Registry, PACTR201906476052236. Registered on 24 June 2019.