Exosomes form tunneling nanotubes (TUNTs) in the blood-brain barrier: A nano-anatomical perspective of barrier genesis
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The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a robust interface between the blood and the central nervous system. Barrier type endothelium is able to limit paracellular (PC) movement, relegating molecular flux to the transendothelial pathways of brain endothelial cells (BECs). It is, therefore, apparent that any leakage via the PC shunts would effectively nullify the regulation of molecular flux across the transcellular pathways. The application of higher-resolution scanning electron microscopy (HR-SEM) illuminates the heterogenous, morphological profile that exists on the surface of BEC membranes and the relationship between these ultrastructures during the molecular construction of the PC space between adjacent BECs. In this study developing BEC monolayers were grown on mixed, cellulose esters insert membranes in a bicameral system.