Tunel assay: establishing a sperm dna fragmentation cut-off value for Egyptian infertile men
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Male factor infertility is responsible for half of all infertility cases. Conventional semen analysis is inadequate to evaluate male fertility. Sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF) test can be done by: direct methods such as Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP Nick-End Labeling (TUNEL) and Comet assay, or indirect like Sperm Chromatin Structure Assay (SCSA) and Sperm Chromatin Dispersion (SCD). TUNEL assay measures both single- and double-strand breaks and is technically less demanding, while SCSA tests for the susceptibility for nuclear DNA denaturation and samples should be sent to the reference lab. Studies showed that a single cut-off value does not fit all.