Designing novel possible kinase inhibitor derivatives as therapeutics against Mycobacterium tuberculosis: An in silico study
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Rv2984 is one of the polyphosphate kinases present in Mycobacterium tuberculosis involved in the catalytic synthesis of inorganic polyphosphate, which plays an essential role in bacterial virulence and drug resistance. Consequently, the structure of Rv2984 was investigated and an 18 membered compound library was designed by altering the scaffolds of computationally identified inhibitors. The virtual screening of these altered inhibitors was performed against Rv2984 and the top three scoring inhibitors were selected, exhibiting the free energy of binding between 8.2–9 kcal mol−1 and inhibition constants in the range of 255–866 nM. These selected molecules showed relatively higher binding affinities against Rv2984 compared to the first line drugs Isoniazid and Rifampicin. Furthermore, the docked complexes were further analyzed in explicit water conditions using 100 ns Molecular Dynamics simulations. Through the assessment of obtained trajectories, the interactions between the protein and selected inhibitors including first line drugs were evaluated using MM/PBSA technique. The results validated the higher efficiency of the designed molecules compared to 1st line drugs with total interaction energies observed between −100 kJ mol−1 and −1000 kJ mol−1. This study will facilitate the process of drug designing against M. tuberculosis and can be used in the development of potential therapeutics against drug-resistant strains of bacteria.