Now showing items 1-4 of 4
Ministerial directives to local government in Zimbabwe: top-down governance in a decentralized constitution
(Cambridge University Press, 2017)
Urban and rural local authorities constitute the lowest tier of Zimbabwe's multilevel system of government. These local governments have a constitutional "right to govern" that must be exercised within the constitutional, ...
Local government in the 2013 constitution of Zimbabwe: Defining the boundaries of local autonomy
(Hague Journal on the Rule of Law, 2017-10-06)
The 2013 Constitution of Zimbabwe recognises local government as the lowest tier of government in a three tier arrangement. Thus, local government, composed by urban and rural local authorities, now owes its existence ...
The Constitutional Court of South Africa: Reinforcing an hourglass system of multi-level government
(University of Toronto Press, 2017)
“The supremacy of the constitution and the rule of law” are two foundational values of South Africa’s 1996 Constitution (s. 1(c)). An independent judiciary is thus set to play a major role in interpreting and enforcing ...
Intergovernmental planning and budgeting in Zimbabwe: Learning the lessons of the past
(Commonwealth Journal of Local Governance, 2017)
In Zimbabwe, the Prime Minister’s Directives on Decentralisation and Development of 1984 and 1985, together with the Provincial Council and Administration Act 1985, constitute the foundation for postindependence attempts ...