Synthesis of carbon-supported PdSn–SnO2 nanoparticles with different degrees of interfacial contact and enhanced catalytic activities for formic acid oxidation
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The conjunction of the PdSn alloy and SnO2 is of interest for improving catalytic activity in formic acid oxidation (FAO). Here, we report the synthesis of PdSn–SnO2 nanoparticles and a study of their catalytic FAO activity. Different degrees of interfacial contact between SnO2 and PdSn were obtained using two different stabilizers (sodium citrate and EDTA) during the reduction process in catalyst preparation. Compared to the PdSn alloy, PdSn–SnO2 supported on carbon black showed enhanced FAO catalytic activity due to the presence of SnO2 species. It was also found that interfacial contact between the PdSn alloy and the SnO2 phase has an impact on the activity towards CO oxidation and FAO.