Mapping two measures to the International Classification Of Functioning, Disability and Health and the brief ICF core set for spinal cord injury in the post-acute context
Wikmar, Lena Nilsson
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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the extent to which the rehabilitation outcome levels (ROL) and the spinal cord independence measure (SCIM) III could be mapped to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and the brief core set for spinal cord injury (SCI) in the postacute context. METHODS: Two professionals used the published protocol to map the concepts derived from both measures to the ICF categories. Further, the endorsed categories at the second level of the ICF were used to determine the coverage of the Brief ICF Core Set for SCI. RESULTS: Three items of the ROL could not be conceptualised within the ICF, while the rest were mapped to 42 second-level categories, mainly to the activity and participation domain. All the items of the SCIM III were mapped, yielding 52 ICF categories, mostly at the third level (32). For the mapping to the Core Set for SCI, the ROL covered five and the SCIM III all nine categories of ‘activities and participation’ included as the candidate categories of the brief version. Conclusion: In terms of content, the ROL appears to be a more global measure of functioning, compared with the SCIM III that covers specific ‘activity’ aspects as proposed in the Brief Core Set for SCI. It is thus recommended that standardised measures, such as the SCIM III, be used due to its conceptual underpinnings and coverage of important aspects.