A pharmacist-led prospective antibiotic stewardship intervention improves compliance to community-acquired pneumonia guidelines in 39 public and private hospitals across South Africa
van den Bergh, Dena D.
Messina, Angeliki P.
Goff, Debra A.
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Introduction: Pharmacists in low-middle-income countries (LMIC) are few and lack antibiotic stewardship (AS) training. The ability was assessed of non-specialised pharmacists to implement stewardship interventions and improve adherence to the South African community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) guideline in public and private hospitals. Methods: This was a multicentre, prospective cohort study of adult CAP patients hospitalised between July 2017 and July 2018. A CAP bundle was developed of seven process measures (diagnostic and AS) that pharmacists used to audit compliance and provide feedback. CAP bundle compliance rates and change in outcome measures [mortality, length of stay (LOS) and infection-related (IR)-LOS] during pre- and post-implementation periods were compared.