Molecularly imprinted polypyrrole sensors for the detection of pyrene in aqueous solutions
MetadataShow full item record
Recently, electrochemical sensors have emerged as tools for polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) detection that are cost-effective, easy to produce and use, highly selective and sensitive, and with good reproducibility. Polypyrrole may be easily produced from polymerization of pyrrole, by chemical as well as electrochemical methods, to produce dimensionally stable semi-conductive polymer materials, under mild synthesis conditions. In this study, polypyrrole was used as the stable molecular framework within which to create an imprint of the desired polyaromatic hydrocarbon, in situ, at glassy carbon electrodes. The molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) sensors were washed to remove the imprint and subsequently characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and cyclic voltammetry (CV). The MIP sensors were then applied to the detection of pyrene and non-imprinted polymers (NIP) sensors were also evaluated for comparison with the MIP sensors. Calibration curves obtained for the detection of the pyrene at the MIP sensors in aqueous media reported limits of detection (LOD) of 2.28 × 10−7 M for pyrene and limit of quantification (LOQ) of 6.92 × 10−7 M (n = 3). The sensitivity of the MIP sensors (32.53 A/M) determined from the slopes of the calibration curves reported twice the value measured for NIP sensors (14.48 A/M).