Allergy and infant feeding guidelines in the context of resource-constrained settings
Green, Robin J.
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Recent discussions about the need for revised infant feeding guidelines in the context of allergy are founded in substantial evidence-based research. Key studies (Table I)1-5 undertaken in high-income country settings provide evidence that the introduction of allergenic foods (eg, cow’s milk protein, egg, peanuts, fish, sesame, and wheat) to infant diets before the age of 6 months might significantly reduce the risk of food allergy at older ages. Although such a strategy does not promote supplanting breastfeeding with the introduction of a diverse set of foods early on, it will shorten the duration of exclusive breast-feeding [EBF], replacing it with ‘‘partial breast-feeding,’’ the combination of breast-feeding with other fluids or solids, and most likely lead to a reduction in overall duration of breast-feeding.
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