Expression of cyclin-dependent kinases and their clinical significance with immune infiltrates could predict prognosis in colorectal cancer
Samantha, Sibuyi N.R
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Introduction: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most cancer-related mortalities worldwide and remains a major public health issue. Despite several attempts to develop promising therapies for CRC, its survival rate decreases with metastasis. Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are a family of protein kinases with various regulatory activities including cell cycle, mRNA expression, transcription, and differentiation. Aside from their role in cell proliferation when mutated, abnormal expression of these genes has been reported in some human cancer subtypes. This study explored the roles and therapeutic potentials of CDK 1 and 4 as prognostic biomarkers in CRC. Methods: Bioinformatics analyses were carried out to demonstrate the expression and prognostic values of CDK-1 and CDK-4 with immune infiltrate in CRC. Discussion: CDK levels in CRC were remarkably higher than those in normal tissues (p < 0.05), and overexpression in CRC tissues was significantly related to nodal metastatic status (p < 0.05) and histological subtypes.